During the Qin Dynasty, all books that did not support legalistic philosophy were burned, and writers, philosophers, and teachers of other philosophies were executed. The excesses of Qin Dynasty legalism made the regime very unpopular with the people of the time. After the overthrow of the Qin, legalism was abandoned in favor of Confucianism, which greatly influenced the development of Chinese culture. Hanfeizi introduced the ideas of legalism to China; Legalism has emphasized the importance of a legal system. One of the possible advantages of a legalistic society is that it is likely to be orderly and stable; One disadvantage is that even for small crimes, severe penalties are imposed. And what is legalism in religion? In Christian theology, legalism (or nomism) is a pejorative term that means putting the law above the gospel. Almost all the ideas of Confucianism have been eliminated, as have other books. Place and language of worship: There was no specific place of worship or language because legalism was a governmental order and belief system rather than a religion. Han Feizi is believed to have been a disciple of the Confucian reformer (and last of the five great sages of Confucianism), Xunzi (l.c. 310-c.235 BC), who departed from the central commandment of Confucianism that people were fundamentally good, and claimed that they were certainly not in favor of it, if they were, they would not need instruction in goodness. The basic premise of [legalism] is that people are inherently prone to misconduct and that, therefore, the authority of laws and the state is necessary for human well-being. This school contrasts with Confucianism, as Confucianism, especially according to Mengzi, emphasized the goodness inherent in human nature. (208) Other philosophies that argue for the inherent goodness of man were seen as dangerous lies that would mislead people.

The beliefs of philosophers such as Confucius (l. 551-479 BC), Mencius (l. 372-289 BC), Mo-Ti (l. 470-391 BC) or Lao-Tzu (l.c 500 BC), with their emphasis on seeking and expressing the good within themselves, were seen as a threat to a belief system that claimed otherwise. Scholar John M. Koller, writing on legalism, notes: The modern Taoist diet essentially respects the basic theory of yin-yang and the 5 elements, it relies heavily on unprocessed whole grains, fresh vegetables, and very little meat. . However, fish and other seafood should only be eaten once a week due to the large amount of yin. For more than 200 years, the Chinese people have experienced war as their daily reality, and a legalistic approach to controlling people`s worst impulses – controlling people by threatening to punish severely for wrongdoing – seemed like the best way to deal with the chaos.

Shang Yang`s legalism dealt with everyday situations, but extended to how to behave in wartime, and he is credited with the all-out war tactics that allowed the Qin state to defeat other belligerent states in order to control China. The three main beliefs at the center of Judaism are monotheism, identity, and covenant (an agreement between God and His people). The most important teaching of Judaism is that there is a God who wants people to do what is right and compassionate. Who was the founder of legalismWhat is legalismLegalism PhilosophyEffects of legalism on ChinaExamples of legalismLegalism Old ChinaWhat is legalism in ChinaPolitical and social role of legalism 1: strict, literal or excessive conformity with the law or with a religious or moral code of institutionalized legalism that restricts free choice. 2: a legal clause or rule. Founder of legalism and believed that severe punishments were the only way to control people. the code of law must be written and published. Laws should always be more important than individual interests and actions. All persons are considered equal before the law. Legalism became the official philosophy of the Qin Dynasty (221 – 206 BC) when the first emperor of China, Shi Huangdi (r. 221-210 BC), came to power and banned all other philosophies as corrupting influence. Confucianism has been condemned in particular for its insistence on the fundamental goodness of man and its teaching that people should only be gently guided to the good in order to behave well.

Civilians could receive awards such as titles of nobility or political positions based on their outstanding military or productive contributions. Morality was not about legalistic philosophers because they felt it played no role in people`s decision-making process. In legalism, laws guide natural inclinations to improve everything. The person who wants to kill his neighbor is legally prevented from doing so, but he would be allowed to kill other people by joining the army. In this way, the selfish desires of the person are satisfied and the state benefits from having a dedicated soldier. Xunzi`s broader vision for Confucian reform was ignored by Han Feizi for the sake of expediency and practicality. When the Zhou Dynasty (1046 – 256 BC) began to collapse and the individual states of China fought for control under their rule, the states sought the most convenient system to maintain social order. The seven states of China – Chu, Han, Qi, Qin, Wei, Yan and Zhao – all believed that they were fit to rule and replace the Zhou. Legalism is the morality of filtering all claims of official justification by positive law. The concepts of respect for autonomy, charity, non-wickedness and justice, as well as the moral values of these four prima facie principles, have been explicitly identified in Confucius` ethics.

Legalists believed that political institutions should be shaped in response to the realities of human behavior, and that people are inherently selfish and short-sighted. Thus, social harmony cannot be achieved by the recognition by the people of the virtue of their ruler, but only by strong state control and absolute obedience to authority. .